By Jared L. Miller
Few compositions offer as a lot perception into the constitution of the Hittite country and the character of Hittite society because the so-called directions. whereas those texts may well strike the trendy reader as didactic, the Hittites, who classified them including country treaties, understood them as contracts or tasks, including the king s directions to officers equivalent to clergymen and temple team of workers, mayors, army officials, border garrison commanders, and palace servants. They aspect how and in what spirit the officers are to hold out their tasks and what results they're to endure for failure. additionally incorporated are numerous examples of heavily comparable oath impositions and oaths. amassing for the 1st time the whole corpus of Hittite directions, this obtainable quantity offers those works in transliteration of the unique texts and translation, with transparent and readable introductory essays, references to basic and secondary resources, and thorough indices.
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Extra resources for Royal Hittite Instructions and Related Administrative Texts
Several parallels along similar lines can be found in the Testament of Ḫattusili I (Goedegebuure 2006b). 20 Still, some evidence might speak against such an assumption, though neither can this counterevidence be seen as decisive. The Instructions and Oath Imposition for Royal Servants Concerning the Purity of the King (No. 21 Here one reads in the main manuscript (No. 3 iii 21–31 [§§13″–14″]): Furthermore, you who are water carriers, you must be very careful concerning the water, and you must always filter the water with a sieve.
Nos. 1, 7, 10, 14, 17, 21). Similarly, some relate to military officers of various rank that might, at any point in time, have been stationed far and wide throughout the empire, but were of course immediately responsible to the king (Nos. 7, 10, 12, 18, 22, 25). , Giorgieri 2005: 332; del Monte 1975a: 140), the occasional reference to “all of Ḫattusa,” “all the men of Ḫattusa” or “the whole populace of Ḫattusa” as the persons upon whom the obligations and oath are incumbent relates in fact to those men belonging to the administration of the state, not to the entire population, as the terms would suggest in modern parlance.
5. , No. 11 They are for the most part composed in an impersonal 3rd person, but exceptions are hardly rare, especially in No. 5, dubbed here a Royal Decree on Social and Economic Matters, which one might even want to classify as an instruction. 6. , No. 5) or are presented more generally as a corrective vis-à-vis an earlier state of affairs (No. 8). They are closely related to the edicts or decrees and might be considered a subcategory thereof. 7. Reprimand: These texts or text passages merely accuse the subor dinate(s) of failing to fulfill existing obligations and reprimand him/ them for it.