German-Speaking Exiles in Ireland, 1933-1945 by Gisela Holfter

By Gisela Holfter

German-speaking Exiles in eire 1933-1945 is a pioneering examine of the effect the German-speaking exiles of the Hitler years had on eire because the first huge team of immigrants within the nation within the 20th century. It hence provides an incredible but hitherto almost unknown Irish measurement to overseas exile reports. After offering an outline of the subject and an research of present advancements in exile experiences the quantity devotes chapters to Jewish refugees and one other to the massive variety of Austrian exiles, investigates the connection among Irish executive coverage and public opinion, and explores the issues of id confronted by way of such a lot of in exile. It then specializes in a few eminent refugees - Erwin Schrodinger, Ludwig Bieler, Robert Weil, Ernst Scheyer, and Hans Sachs - sooner than concluding with own debts by means of Ruth Braunizer (the daughter of Erwin Schrodinger, excerpts from whose diaries are released right here for the 1st time), Monica Schefold (the daughter of John Hennig), and Eva Gross. The fourteen individuals to the quantity are Wolfgang Benz, Ruth Braunizer, John Cooke, Horst Dickel, Eva Gross, Gisela Holfter, Dermot Keogh, Wolfgang Muchitsch, Siobhan O'Connor, Hermann Rasche, Monica Schefold, Birte Schulz, Raphael V. Siev, and Colin Walker.

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In other words: exile research that restricts itself to a single period of history must at some point ossify into an antiquarian or archival preoccupation without any recognisable meaningful connection to our contemporary concerns. However, it is not solely due to such methodological concerns that exile studies, if it wishes to produce generally valid results, must overcome this thematic boundary, which fixes its findings to the details of escape from Hitler’s Germany, or the annexed and occupied territories and satellite countries.

17 In New York a ‘Council for a Democratic Germany’ was formed in 1944. Under the chairmanship of the theologian Paul Tillich, its members included German politicians, professors, writers and artists, such as Siegfried Aufhäuser, Bertolt Brecht, Elisabeth Bergner, Fritz Kortner, E. J. Gumbel, Ernst Bloch, Lion Feuchtwanger, Heinrich Mann, Erwin Piscator, Wolfgang Stresemann, Veit Valentin, Berthold Viertel, and Herbert Weichmann. The first declaration issued by the Council in the spring of 1944 presents a view that was shared by other emigrant groups: For Germany to develop into a democracy that will be endorsed and accepted by the people, it is necessary that, from the very beginning, the military and civilian representatives of the United Nations refrain from interfering in the activities of the future upholders of such a democracy.

New 22 Wolfgang Benz sources for this social history of exile are continuously coming to light. 2 The work exegesis and biographical research into renowned figures was followed by studies focusing on individual areas of artistic and scientific activity in exile. Writers and musicians, painters and architects, filmmakers and theatre directors and performers, all became the focus of researchers’ inquisitiveness and gathering diligence. After the initial stages, which were devoted to the prominent figures of literary exile and then politicians such as Heinrich Brüning or Friedrich Stampfer, literature scholars extended the scope of their research to include the specific formative conditions in which exile works were written and the concrete living circumstances of the authors.

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