Domestication (Greenwood Guides to the Animal World) by Clive Roots

By Clive Roots

We percentage the earth with a large choice of animal species, every one of which brings whatever distinctive to the variety of the planet. by means of figuring out extra approximately how animals behave and dwell, we achieve a better realizing of the way existence developed and the significance of biodiversity. Domestication investigates the animal behavioral trait with which we're such a lot established — how quite a few species of animals have, over the past few millenia, turn into worthwhile participants of human societies. every one bankruptcy examines a specific form of domestication, and contains debts of of exemplary species that examines their biology, their domestication heritage, the result of domestication on their form, measurement, colour and body structure, and their comparative habit - sooner than and after domestication. Domestication is very illustrated with either colour and black and white illustrations.

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The ancient breeds of animals are considered resources of unique characteristics, especially valuable for future breeding or projects to improve vigor, or to breed for a specific aspect, but they are being lost. 3f 12 06/07/2007 10:27 AM Page DOMESTICATION in conserving ancient breeds, and the Rare Breeds Survival Trust was established in Britain in 1973 to conserve rare primitive breeds of livestock such as the Chillingham cattle, Bagot goat, and Ixworth chicken. Primitive breeds are those that have remained unchanged during the last two or three centuries of selective breeding elsewhere, and have therefore retained many of their ancestral characteristics.

The chicken is now the most common domesticated animal. 3f 18 06/07/2007 10:27 AM Page DOMESTICATION Graylag Geese The graylag goose is the ancestor of the 80 or so breeds of domesticated European geese. The other domesticates, the Asiatic or oriental geese, are descended from the swan goose. The graylag goose’s domestication is believed to have occurred in either Greece or Egypt, probably about 1,500 years before the Christian Era. com Graylag Goose (Anser anser): Domestic Goose (Anser anser domesticus) The graylag goose is the ancestor of one of the two main groups of domesticated geese, often called European geese to differentiate them from the Asiatic geese that are descended from the swan goose (Anser cynoides).

Domesticated horses have a long falling mane, but wild horses have a short upright one. The domestication of the tarpan is believed to have commenced about 4000 BC by nomadic tribes on the steppes of eastern Asia. Horse molars showing bit wear, from Dereivka in the Ukraine, date from then. Horses were suited to the nomadic lifestyle of the humans of the area, who by that time already had cattle, sheep, and goats. Evidence of the horse’s first use as a draft animal comes from the Sintashta fortified village site in the southern Urals, dating from 2000 BC, where horses were buried with chariots.

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