By Lily Ross Taylor
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Historical views incorporates a immense arc of area and time—Western Asia to North Africa and Europe from the 3rd millennium BCE to the 5th century CE—to discover mapmaking and worldviews within the old civilizations of Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece, and Rome. In each one society, maps served as serious fiscal, political, and private instruments, yet there has been little consistency in how and why they have been made.
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XVIII, 56, 2 : ' AXe^dvdpov )U€raXXd£a*>ros k£ kvdp&irctiv. The verbs SiaXXdrreu', IxeraXXciTTeLi/* vedlaraadai, are used of the death of later Hellenistic kings, some times with the phrase ets Oeovs. See especially the monument of Canopus, Ditt. S. 56, 1, 95, and the material collected by Krispi, Ath. Mitt, XXII (1897), 186, and Kornemann, Klio I (1901), 61, n. 1. Wilcken, Gott. Gel. Anz. 1895, 141. Diod. XVIII, 61, 1. S. X L I X (1929), 79 ff. 26 T H E DIVINITY OF THE R O M A N EMPEROR name with the names of the gods as watchword on the battle field.
V, 21: nullos honores mihi nisi verborum decerni sino, statuas, fana, T€0pi7T7ra prohibeo. Cic. Fam. in, 7. 1 Cf. Head, Hist. *, p. 667. Bahrfeldt, op. cit. pp. 24 ff. There were games called Sullaia in Athens Cf. A. 11, 481, 58. Cf. Hadrian's lines on Pompey, Anth. Pal. ix, 402: rw paoTs PpidovTi iroarj airdvis e-rrXero TVJX&OV. 15 16 7 1 8 1 9 40 T H E DIVINITY OF THE R O M A N EMPEROR 20 day when he liberated it. Its coins and those of other cities (Fig. 3) show the head of Pompey. Here is a Roman with all the glory of a Greek city founder.
Anc. Hist, vn, p . 398. For the view that the journey to the Ammonium was undertaken by Alexander to establish his fatherhood see Meyer, op. cit. pp. 302 ff. For a different interpretation see Tarn, Camb. Anc. Hist, vi, p. 377 and the recent 4 4 1 42 4 3 D I V I N I T Y OF K I N G S IN THE HELLENISTIC EAST 17 the expedition at any rate resulted in giving him such con firmation. It thus provided him with the consecration which enabled him to proceed on his conquests with an assurance of the favor of heaven which had great weight among his Greek allies.