By Kenneth S. Sacks
Living in Rome over the past years of the Republic, Diodorus of Sicily produced the main expansive historical past of the traditional international that has survived from antiquity--the Bibliotheke. while Diodorus himself has been in general noticeable as a "mere copyist" of previous historic traditions, Kenneth Sacks explores the complexity of his paintings to bare a historian with a different standpoint indicative of his times.
Sacks specializes in 3 components of Diodorus's historical past writing: equipment of association and magnificence, vast historic and philosophical subject matters, and political sentiments. all through, Diodorus brought his personal rules or refashioned these present in his assets. specifically, his detrimental response to Roman imperial rule is helping to light up the imprecise culture of competition historiography and to give an explanation for the form and constitution of the Bibliotheke. seen as a unified paintings reflecting the highbrow and political views of the overdue Hellenistic interval, the Bibliotheke turns into an enormous resource for examining first-century ethical, political, and highbrow values.
Originally released in 1990.
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68 The deterministic application of τύχη, however, is not so long-range as Polybius's. The latter can see the rise of the Roman Empire as brought about by the will of Fortune (i 4). It is not just that Diodorus would not attribute Roman success to divine will (see Chapter 5); it is also that his approach to political and military actions is far less synthetic. 2—not in P h o t . , Codex 250 43, 450b (see C h a p t e r 3); cf. 6, also Agatharchidean: Schwartz, RE 5, 673. O n the t h e m e generally, see C h a p t e r 3.
4). More over the theme of παράδοξον, on which this proem is based, pervades the Bibliotheke and may be Diodorus's own senti ment. 3 2 The prooemium to book xiii, attributed to Ephorus, con tradicts Ephoran methodology. Its author asserts that the practice of writing long prooemia is incompatible with his at tempt to include as much factual information as possible within each book. Since Ephorus was famous for his elegant prooemia, as Diodorus testifies,33 it is doubtful whether he composed the statement.
27 N e u b e r t , Spuren selbstandiger Thatigkeit r u s , " 48. 1; Oldfather). Ephorus was Diodorus's occasional source for books viii-x and nearly full-time there after until book xvi, but the force of this sentence implies more than infrequent judgments in viii-x; it says outright that Diodorus has been making such assessments all along. Cer tainly in the earlier, fragmentary historical books, such prac tices are evident where Diodorus is not likely to have been following Ephorus. 2 8 But even when considering myths in the earliest books, Diodorus was aware of the importance of moral utility.