Cosmic Rays in the Earth’s Atmosphere and Underground by Lev Dorman

By Lev Dorman

The current monograph in addition to the subsequent one (Dorman, M2005) is as a result of greater than 50 years operating in cosmic ray (CR) study. After commencement in December 1950 Moscow Lomonosov nation collage (Nuclear and simple Particle Physics department, the crew of Theoretical Physics), my manager Professor D. I. Blokhintsev deliberate for me, as a winner of a pink degree, to proceed my schooling as an aspirant (a graduate scholar) to arrange for Ph. D. in his very mystery item within the framework of what was once in these time referred to as the Atomic challenge. To my remorse the KGB withheld permission, and that i, including different Jewish scholars who had graduated Nuclear Divisions of Moscow and Leningrad Universities and Institutes, have been confronted with a true prospect of being with none paintings. It was once our success that at the moment there has been being introduced into being the hot Cosmic Ray undertaking (what at the moment used to be additionally very mystery, yet now not as mystery because the Atomic Problem), and after a while we have been directed to paintings in this venture. It was once geared up and headed by means of Prof. S. N. Vernov (President of All-Union component to Cosmic Rays) and Prof. N. V. Pushkov (Director of IZMIRAN); Prof. E. L. Feinberg headed the theoretical a part of the Project.

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Sample text

In Cheltenham and Christchurch, and at about noon at Mt. Huancayo. Analysis ofthe data from these stations carried out by Monk and Compton (1939) and Forbush (1940), allowed the observation of systematic changes in CR intensity with a period of about 27 days that corresponds to the period (relative to the Earth) of the Sun's rotation about its axis. The first results on CR 27-day variation were obtained by Hess and Graziadei (1936) on the basis of CR observations by ionization chamber on Mt. Hafelekar.

These CR are internal relative to our Galaxy and external to our Heliosphere and the Earth's magnetosphere. Solar CR, with energy up to 15-30 GeV, generated in the solar corona in periods of powerful solar flares, are internal CR for the Sun's corona and external for interplanetary space and the Earth's magnetosphere. Interplanetary CR, with energy up to 10-100 MeV, are generated by a terminal shock wave at the boundary of the Heliosphere and by powerful interplanetary shock waves. They are internal to our Heliosphere and external to the Earth's magnetosphere.

F. ~ o ::l (") '1:S ::l ::4. f("l) po("l)r;, (JQ - . CI 8 (j) r;, ..... ::l ~ -. ("l) po '1:S 0' ° (j) ~. (=l ..... f'" 0 ..... tv _. 0.. '" r;, (JQ ~ ~ po _. ("l) '1:S '< ("l) ::l -"1'l~po po 0'1 0"""" -. o o~ga(t)~st~· ~ (JQ ~ Prediction and continuous information on atart of radiation hazard for people and technology on airline fliehts (events a8 February 23, 1956). International Airline Society, International Medical Society Prediction and cOntinuous iIil'ormation on atart (in cooperation with Aatrophyaical Observatories) of very rare, but very dangeroUi phenomena for many years (hundreda) for all Earth'.

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