By Jeffrey A. Dubin
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Additional resources for Consumer durable choice and the demand for electricity
Giving 10 percent of total area. 22. 3 Resistance of windows Material Single Glazed (no storm)1 Double Glazed (storm)1 Sliding Glass Door, Single Glazed Sliding Glass Door, Double Glazed assume wood sash, 80 percent glass. 24. 35 ^he resistance of a slabflooris similar after adjustment for additional insulation. 3 te where te is design temperature. Basement wall losses due to the temperature gradient above the frost line are neglected. Slab edge losses with insulation are assumed comparable to unheated basement losses.
Thermal modeling principles Heating and cooling system design capacities of a dwelling are determined by the rates of heat transfer between the interior and exterior under extreme weather conditions. Conduction and infiltration are the dominant modes of transfer in winter; radiation is important in summer. Heating capacity calculations normally assume steady-state thermal conditions, while cooling calculations take account of inertial (flywheel) effects. The approach to capacity calculation adopted here follows engineering practice, as detailed in ASHRAE (1977, 1978, 1979), Anderson (1973), Khashab (1977), and Streeter (1966).
We pursue the econometric specification of (26) in the next section. 4. 3 a two-level utilization procedure in which service levels, Yj, are determined by equation (25) and optimal input combinations required to produce Yj are determined by (24). Econometric specification for this system requires explicit functional forms for indirect utility, V, and for service levels Yj. As Roy's identity connects V with Yj through (25), it is often possible to specify a parametric form for demand and then solve a partial differential equation to find a compatible indirect utility function.