By Joseph Rotblat
In September 1999, scientists and students from worldwide, excited by lowering the risk of armed clash and looking cooperative recommendations to international difficulties, met less than the auspices of the Pugwash meetings, the Nobel-Prize-winning association. The court cases take care of a extensive variety of concerns, together with: a nuclear-weapon-free global; rising safety threats; improvement; setting; and overseas governance.
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4. Access to capital and related technical assistance by the developing countries is another of the issues that need to be placed among the top priorities on the international agenda. The flows of official development assistance (ODA) and foreign direct investment (FDI) are far from adequate in meeting the needs of the developing countries if they are to meet the per capita target rate of growth of three per cent that was recently set at a UN conference. FDI exceeds ODA by a ratio of 5:1 (about $250-$300 billion to $50-$60 billion per year) and this inadequacy is compounded by the fact that both types of capital flows are overwhelmingly directed to about a dozen developing countries, leaving over 160 countries with a trickle.
These include changing the composition of the Security Council to eliminating or altering the veto power of its permanent members. There are similar recommendations for changing the voting system of the General Assembly (perhaps by regions instead of countries) or for establishing a popularly elected world parliament. Whatever changes are finally adopted, we applaud the efforts of the UN Secretary General to increase the efficiency of the organization and to increase its transparency and accountability.
Their economic affluence is transformed into political influence as politicians are corrupted and good governance is undermined. Within Southern Africa, it was argued that organized crime syndicates also specialize in small arms proliferation. This weakens the coercive apparatus of the state; under circumstance of economic deprivation, ethnic tensions, and the like, this can contribute to armed violence that can threaten the existence of the state itself. Following extensive discussions on this issue, several proposals were presented to curb the spread of such organized crime syndicates.