By Harold E. Doweiko
Techniques OF CHEMICAL DEPENDENCY, 7th version displays the explosion of knowledge in regards to the knowing, id, and therapy of addictive issues. Doweiko examines the use and abuse of alcohol, tobacco, barbiturates, amphetamines, cocaine, opiates, and hallucinogens, in addition to chemical substances often omitted of different books -- comparable to aerosols, steroids, and over the counter analgesics. also, the textual content investigates stable concepts for operating with consumers, the variations among abusers and addicts; drug results on little ones, childrens, and pregnant and nursing ladies; and kids of alcoholics.
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Extra info for Concepts of Chemical Dependency (7th Edition)
1. In 1960, Jellinek presented a theoretical model of alcoholism that was both an extension and a revision of his earlier work. According to Jellinek (1960), the alcoholic was unable to consistently predict in advance how much he or she would drink at any given time. Alcoholism, like other diseases, was viewed by Jellinek as having speciﬁc symptoms, which included the physical, social, vocational, and emotional complications often experienced by the compulsive drinker. Further, Jellinek continued to view alcoholism as having a progressive course that, if not arrested, would ultimately result in the individual’s death.
CHAPTER THREE The Medical Model of Chemical Addiction Society has long struggled to understand (a) why people begin to abuse chemicals, (b) why they continue to use recreational chemicals, and (c) why they become addicted to them. In an attempt to ﬁnd answers to these questions, various professions have examined the substance use disorders (SUDs) from within the framework of their respective worldview. In this chapter, the answers to these questions will be examined from the perspective of what has come to be known as the “medical,” “biomedical,” or “disease” model of addiction.
The criteria used to determine where on the continuum an individual might fall are arbitrary and subject to discussion. Further, there are no clear points of demarcation between, for example, heavy substance abuse and the addictive use of that same chemical (Jaffe & Anthony, 2005). Physical addiction to a chemical is just one point on a continuum of drug use styles that ranges from total abstinence through the various forms of occasional substance use, to the extreme of physical dependence on that substance to avoid withdrawal symptoms.