Climate Variability And Water Resources Degradation in by Hezron Mogaka, Samuel Gichere, Richard Davis, Rafik Hirji

By Hezron Mogaka, Samuel Gichere, Richard Davis, Rafik Hirji

The record, in accordance with a posh analytical technique, presents a transparent financial cause for making an investment in more desirable water assets improvement and administration in Kenya. it really is a part of the realm Bank’s coverage discussion on water assets administration reforms and funding making plans in Kenya. It makes a speciality of the industrial implications of 2 key elements that make the economic climate and other people of Kenya hugely vulnerable—the results of weather variability and the regular degradation of the nation’s water assets. The 1997-2000 El Ni?o-La Ni?a episodes rate the rustic Ksh 290 billion, approximately 14 percentage of GDP in the course of the 3 12 months interval. Given their regularity, over the long run, floods and droughts are envisioned to price the financial system approximately Ksh sixteen billion every year (2.4 percentage of GDP). this can be a very severe drag at the country’s monetary functionality. Water assets degradation expenses the rustic no less than Ksh 3.3 billion (0.5 percentage GDP) each year. the longer term annual influence of 2.9 percentage of GDP from those components has been built conservatively. whereas it isn't monetary to prevent all bills, lots of them will be minimized by way of elevated funding in administration and infrastructure and extra effective, dependable, and participatory administration and operation of the water source quarter.

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2 percent, and diarrhoea and intestinal worms account for 17 percent (Ongeri 2002). Consequently, there was an upsurge in these diseases following the floods. Annual flooding events cause less damage. Nevertheless, they are locally severe. For example, farming communities in the Kano Plains, the lower Tana River Basin, and Budalangi areas are displaced every year, and agricultural production in the Budalangi area is reduced by over 50 percent about once in every three years. The El Niño floods affected the tourism industry too, not just from destruction of infrastructure but from damage to the ecology on which much of the tourism industry depends.

Source: Presentation by Hon. Eng. R A Odinga, Conference on Integrated Water Resources Management Strategy, Nairobi, March 2002. rural domestic water supply use most of the remainder; this consumption has a direct impact on public health. Hydroelectric power provides 72 percent of the country’s electricity production, but the amount lost through evaporation from hydroelectric storage areas is not known and is therefore not shown in the table. The Energy Sector Kenya’s energy sector can be divided into “commercial” and “traditional” components.

2). Droughts are a pervasive phenomenon affecting basic needs such as food, water, and livelihoods, and creating knock-on effects throughout the local and national economies. They have become endemic in some parts of Kenya; in some areas, return periods have become shorter. The arid and semi-arid areas, the poorest regions of the country, are the areas most affected by drought. A specific pattern of droughts and floods in Kenya can be identified in association with El Niño and La Niña years (UNEP/GOK 2000).

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