By Peter Inker
In fifty two B.C. at Alesia in what's now Burgundy in France Julius Caesar pulled off one of many nice feats of Roman palms. His seriously outnumbered military totally defeated the mixed forces of the Gallic tribes led through Vercingetorix and accomplished the Roman conquest of Gaul. The Alesia crusade, and the epic siege within which it culminated, used to be one in every of Caesar s best army achievements, and it has involved historians ever on the grounds that.
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Manipular legions were made up of three distinct lines of formation, each one equipped differently and socially differentiated. The cohort legion did away with these equipment complexities, replacing them with a flexible body of similarly armed men. It is likely that the system was introduced to deal with the difficult nature of warfare in Spain. Tactics had to be developed to combat both the Spanish guerrilla warfare and the mountainous character of the landscape. The system retained the three-line formation, with a strengthened rear rank as a reserve.
Caesar’s primary motivation was his own personal and political improvement, and so he saw these armies as a tool for political manoeuvring, therefore he engaged himself wholeheartedly in military affairs. He felt that if he could move into the Gallic sphere of influence he would be seen as reducing the threat to Rome. Engagement in Gallic affairs would not only increase opportunities for him to improve his position with the Senate, but also to capitalize on Gaul’s wealth. In the spring of 58BC Caesar had found a pretext to intervene militarily in Gaul, and the great ‘Battle for Gaul’ was set in motion.
Inker 2007 Reconstructed entrance to the hill fort at Bibracte. © Peter A. Inker 2007 Marcus Antonius. Roman testudo or ‘tortoise’. © Peter A. Inker 2007 Brutus. ’ [Diodorus Siculus, Library, IV. 19. 1] The Alesia Campaign occurred at a time when significant changes were taking place in both Rome and Gaul. For Gaul the country was evolving, changing from an unformed conglomeration of rural tribal villages controlled by monarchies, to larger confederations of tribes with elected assemblies. For Rome the process of change was different.