An Introduction to Categorical Data Analysis (Wiley Series by Alan Agresti

By Alan Agresti

Praise for the 1st Edition
"This is an excellent textual content from which to coach specific facts research, at numerous degrees. . . [t]his ebook will be very hugely recommended."
Short publication Reviews
"Of nice curiosity to power readers is the range of fields which are represented within the examples: well-being care, monetary, govt, product advertising, and activities, to call a few."
Journal of caliber Technology
"Alan Agresti has written one other awesome account of the research of specific data."
—The Statistician
The use of statistical tools for specific info is ever expanding in today's global. An creation to express information research, moment Edition offers an utilized creation to an important tools for studying express info. This re-creation summarizes tools that experience lengthy performed a widespread function in information research, reminiscent of chi-squared checks, and in addition areas distinctive emphasis on logistic regression and different modeling strategies for univariate and correlated multivariate specific responses.
This moment variation features:* new chapters at the equipment for clustered info, with an emphasis on generalized estimating equations (GEE) and random results types* A unified standpoint in keeping with generalized linear versions* An emphasis on logistic regression modeling* An appendix that demonstrates using SAS(r) for all equipment* An unique old point of view at the improvement of the tools* really good tools for ordinal facts, small samples, multicategory facts, and paired pairs* greater than a hundred analyses of actual info units and approximately three hundred exercises
Written in an utilized, nontechnical type, the ebook illustrates equipment utilizing a wide selection of actual info, together with clinical medical trials, drug use via childrens, basketball taking pictures, horseshoe crab mating, environmental reviews, correlates of happiness, and lots more and plenty more.
An advent to specific information research, moment Edition is a useful device for social, behavioral, and biomedical scientists, in addition to researchers in public wellbeing and fitness, advertising, schooling, organic and agricultural sciences, and business quality controls.

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Additional info for An Introduction to Categorical Data Analysis (Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics)

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0. ) c. 7. Report the P -value. d. 074). 05. 5 found binomial P -values for a clinical trial with y = 9 successes in 10 trials. Suppose instead y = 8. 2: a. 50. b. 50. c. 0 for the mid P -value? 15 If Y is a variate and c is a positive constant, then the standard deviation of the distribution of cY equals cσ (Y ). Suppose Y is a binomial variate, and let p = Y /n. a. √ Based on the binomial standard deviation for Y , show that σ (p) = [π(1 − π)/n]. b. 50. 16 Using calculus, it is easier to derive the maximum of the log of the likelihood function, L = log , than the likelihood function itself.

0094. 0077. 011). Since this interval contains only positive values, we conclude that π1 − π2 > 0, that is, π1 > π2 . For males, taking aspirin appears to result in a diminished risk of heart attack. 3 Relative Risk A difference between two proportions of a certain fixed size usually is more important when both proportions are near 0 or 1 than when they are near the middle of the range. Consider a comparison of two drugs on the proportion of subjects who had adverse reactions when using the drug.

50, the same as the regular P -value for continuous variates. 0. 999 That is, P (9) gets counted in each tail for each P -value. 0. The two-sided P -value for the large-sample z score test approximates the two-sided mid P -value in the small-sample binomial test. 0114. 0117. 16 INTRODUCTION For small samples, one can construct confidence intervals by inverting results of significance tests that use the binomial distribution, rather than a normal approximation. Such inferences are very conservative when the test uses the ordinary P -value.

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