Alcatraz- The History of an Island Prison: From the by Donna L. Van Raaphorst

By Donna L. Van Raaphorst

This research presents the single to be had chronologically whole heritage of Alcatraz Island. It demanding situations many generally held assumptions approximately Alcatraz as a jail for risky criminals. This research essentially demonstrates that Alcatraz and Alcatraz inmates weren't what most folk think them to were. apart from a handful of colourful excessive profile prisoner's e.g. Al Capone, the Birdman of Alcatraz, the inmates have been remarkably like these in different federal penitentiaries. even if no longer excessively brutal, as Hollywood video clips depicted it, the establishment used to be harsh in its personal approach. This paintings may still attract a large viewers from the general public often and to these in educational associations.

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123 After careful investigation, Elliot decided against laying a water pipe from the mainland, because he doubted it was possible without accidents and major expenditures. 124 Despite the issue of water, by the middle of the Civil War, Alcatraz Island stood encircled by guns, and Washington decided to rename all the batteries. In l863, Lieutenant George Elliot named the fortifications after officers on active duty with the Corps of Engineers, then forwarded his list to Washington engineers. 125 Wartime conditions reflected a concern over the use of gold and silver versus legal tender notes.

This observation pleased McPherson. The three drawbridges worked. Material dug up from the Citadel filled the parade ground. Except for the doors, the new 12-gun battery was finished, along with a newly filled and sodded parapet. McPherson was especially pleased with a new flagstaff located at the top of the South Tower on the defensive barracks. He had prepared estimates for the fiscal year l862. His appropriation was $25,000. 114 On April 25, l861one day after the Pony Express arrivedGeneral Edwin Sumner came to the West Coast to take command of the Department of the Pacific.

Winder then ordered the cannon loaded with an empty shell which he directed his men to discharge two hundred to three hundred yards in front of the ship. This proved to be the first and only time a gun from Alcatraz fired in earnest. Within seconds, a great column of water erupted before the warship. The ship stopped immediately and dropped its anchor. The ship in question was his majesty’s HMS Stuley under the command of Admiral John Kingdom. After several weeks, he sailed away from San Francisco.

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