By B. Siertsema
If Phonetics is a relatively fresh topic for ecu scholars of overseas languages and is eyed by way of them with a few sus picion as an invention that's intended to make their stories tough, it really is much more so with English Phonetics for African scholars. haven't Africans been studying English for over a century, and with solid ends up in many circumstances, with out giving a proposal to its phonetics? Why introduce this new topic and upload to the variety of books they need to learn and the variety of examinations they need to move sooner than they could get their measure? but if the examine of a international language is to be brand new its phonetics can't be ignored; to the contrary, it's as vital because the learn of its spelling, if no more so. With the discovery of radio and cellphone, of gramophone and tape-recorders, the significance of the spoken notice has elevated immensely and it's way more crucial now than it was once 100 years in the past that those that research a overseas language should still learn how to converse it safely. therefore a brand new topic has been additional to the time table of language scholars and lecturers: the learn and perform of the sounds of the language, and for the lecturers additionally the research of the way to educate those sounds.
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Additional info for A Test in Phonetics: 500 Questions and Answers on English Pronunciation and How to Teach it in West Africa
250. Which parts do you hear of the first plosives, which of the second plosives in red deer; old tin? 30 XIII. Th 251. Define tho 252. Compare the initial sounds in the thumb. 253. How can you feel whether you say a breathed or a voiced consonant? 254. Is initial th usually breathed or voiced? Give three examples. 255. Are there any exceptions to the rule of 254? 256. What is the usual pronunciation of final th? Give three examples. 257. Do you know any exceptions to the rule of 256? 258. Which two ways do you know to pronounce th (both breathed and voiced)?
GJ:d3dsJ. Half open, central, unrounded. Very lax. Hall open: the tongue is rather far away from the palate but by no means at its lowest possible position. (In fact the vowel can be pronounced with the tongue considerably closer to the palate than most vowel-schemes indicate). Central: the tongue is not raised at the back or in the front. Unrounded: the lips are in neutral position. Very lax: there is no muscular tension in the tongue or lips, both are held loosely. This laxness is the most characteristic quality of [dJ.
February; library). Why would' [temprri] be a better transcription for the word temporary than [tempri]? Transcribe: rhythm; iron. ; There's father, in the garden. Explain the different transcriptions of father. XI. Alveolar, Palato-Alveolar and Palatal Sounds 206. There are three English sounds defined as alveolar fricatives; which? Which of them is the most "fricative"? 207. Describe the differences between them. 208. Has each of them got a voiced and a breathed variety? 209. Which other alveolar sounds do you know?