By Tianjin Library
A Pictorial list of the Qing Dynasty - Rivers and websites, contains significant different types of maps: river maps and maps of historic sites.China was once an agrarian society in the course of medieval occasions, and harnessing rivers performed a big function in maintaining social improvement. A Compendium on Harnessing Rivers, which was once accomplished within the forty second 12 months of Emperor Kangxi s reign (1703), includes a huge variety of necessary images compiled and edited through Zhang Penghe, the governor-general answerable for rivers. The e-book additionally includes maps of varied rivers drawn by way of nameless artists. They list the vicissitudes of rivers and components alongside the banks whereas even as realistically tracing the shapes of urban partitions, areas of historic curiosity, and wonder spots alongside the rivers.As a mom river of the chinese language country, the Yellow River has regularly been the point of interest of a lot awareness, leading to extra historic chinese language maps of this river than the other in China. This e-book collects many maps of the Yellow River made throughout the overdue Qing interval, such a lot of which additionally list in writing the dates of the crevasse and the closure of a undeniable part of the river and the deployment of infantrymen guarding it. an entire Map of the Yellow River inside of Shandong, A Map of the Yellow River in the entire Province of Shandong, A Concise whole Map of the Yellow River inside of Shandong are one of the maps awarded during this book.Other maps on hand comprise Maps of the Rivers below Baoding Prefecture, Maps of the Rivers lower than Zhengding Prefecture, and Maps of the Rivers lower than the 5 Prefectures of Zhili Ji, Zhao, Shen, Ding, and Yi.In addition, there are 3 maps of ancient curiosity: Maps of His Majesty s transitority living Palaces on His go back trip, Maps of Dagu Batteries, and Illustrations of Wendeng, Weihai, and different old Sites..KEY positive factors- Rivers and websites is the 3rd ebook in A Pictorial list of the Qing Dynasty sequence. the opposite 3 books are entitled company files (Released might 2008), outdated Manchu Capital (Released June 2008), and Manchurian Railway (to be liberate November 2008).- which includes over four hundred maps that seem in chronological order in ten different types, each one embellished with coloured drawings.- unique photographs and whole colour
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Storm sewers and roadways transport water quickly, and so may require the construction of retention ponds in an effort to retard the flood peak. 12). Flood peaks increase, time to peak shortens, and the peak becomes narrower (Paul and Meyer 2001). Because a greater fraction of the water is exported as runoff, less recharge of groundwater occurs, and so base flows are reduced as well. 12 Changes in hydrologic flows with increasing impervious surface cover in urbanizing catchments. ’’ Based on a large number of descriptors of flow variability and predictability, Poff and Ward (1989) identified ten distinctive flow regimes within the United States, including seven permanent and three intermittent stream types.
2 The Stream Channel The shape of the cross section of a stream channel is a function of the interaction between discharge and sediment, the erodibility of its bed and banks, the stabilizing influence of vegetation, and any large structure (boulders, large wood [LW]) that can influence local channel conditions. 7). Mean depth can then be estimated as area divided by width. The location of maximum depth within the channel is known as the thalweg. Channel shape and cross-sectional area will differ from transect to transect even within a reach, as some locations are wide and shallow, others narrow and deep.
LW has its greatest influence on first through fourth-order streams, where it has been found to increase width, form waterfalls, and stabilize gravel bars, as well as create pools (Bilby and Bisson 1998). Physical diversity in sand-bed channels is often depressed in reaches where wood has been removed (Shields and Smith 1992). 4 The floodplain A floodplain is a level area near the stream channel that is inundated during moderate flow and is constructed by the river under present climatic conditions by deposition of sediments during overbank flooding (Leopold 1994).