By David S. Mason
Highlighting the major occasions, principles, and members that experience formed smooth Europe, this clean and energetic ebook offers a concise background of the continent from the Enlightenment to the current. Drawing at the enduring subject matter of revolution, David S. Mason explores the political, financial, and medical factors and effects of revolution; the improvement of human rights and democracy; and problems with ecu identification and integration. He intentionally avoids a close chronology of each state and period of time by way of emphasizing the main the most important occasions that experience formed Europe. Fourteen centred chapters tackle such topical matters because the Enlightenment; the French Revolution and Napoleon; the commercial Revolution; the theories and impression of Marx and Darwin; the revolutions of 1848, 1917, and 1989; the unifications of Germany and Italy; eu imperialism; the 2 international wars; the chilly conflict; the evolution and enlargement of the ecu Union; and present demanding situations confronting Europe. Any reader who wishes a wide sweep of ecu historical past will locate this booklet a fascinating narrative, supplemented with maps, timelines, sidebars, photographs, and a glossary.
“David Mason’s account of ecu background from the Enlightenment to the current deals an authoritative synthesis of significant advancements during this assorted and intricate interval. Written in a lucid and interesting type, sincerely dependent and concise, this survey is either finished and readable. it really is compatible as an introductory textbook for school undergraduates.” —Jolanta T. Pekacz, Dalhousie collage
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Additional resources for A Concise History of Modern Europe: Liberty, Equality, Solidarity (3rd Edition)
The steam engine became a motor of economic growth in other ways as well. In 1825, a steam engine was placed on a trolley that carried coal from a mine in Darlington to the port city of Liverpool along a seven-mile track. This was the beginning of the railroad, which was to revolutionize transportation just as it did industry. By 1850, more than six thousand miles of railroad track were laid in Britain. The railroad not only facilitated and accelerated transportation but also contributed to further industrial growth.
The old regime economy was, therefore, overwhelmingly rural and agricultural and dominated by subsistence farming, with peasants producing barely enough to meet their own needs; any surplus production was absorbed by rent, tithes, seigneurial dues (paid to the lord of the estate), and taxes. In the late eighteenth century, there was neither a national currency nor a uniform system of weights and measures, nor even a truly national market. A good network of royal highways existed, but it still took at least five days to travel by coach from Paris to Marseilles (about eight hours by car today).
1643–1715) built at Versailles in the seventeenth century symbolized the grandeur, wealth, and power of absolute monarchy, and monarchs in other countries modeled their own palaces after it. Because of the French monarchy’s influence across the Continent, its fall in 1789 sent shock waves across Europe. So it is important to understand the nature of the old regime in France and the factors that led to its downfall. THE OLD REGIME IN FRANCE Europe in the eighteenth century was composed almost entirely of absolute monarchies, countries run by a king or queen who inherited his or her position and would pass the crown to the eldest son or daughter.